Piles (Haemorrhoid) is Known to the Hausa speakers as ‘Basir’ or ‘Dan Kanoma’. It is one of the most disturbing ailments that don’t identify ethnic, gender, or social classes if affects anyone alike! Piles (basir) is a condition in which there is severe pain in the anus especially during and after defecation, the pain exacerbates by straining and sometimes accompanied by bleeding from the anus. In some cases, the pain presents by long sittings. The feeling sounds familiar, right? Hell!

What Causes Piles (basir)?

Some people adopt the habit of neglecting the urge to pass stool. They feel the desire but don’t answer the call of nature till, after some hours or the next day, they might think it’s an act of bravery to do that, nope, it’s rather harmful. When the stool is left in the bowel after it’s due time for long, our body absorbs the remaining liquid from the stool so it becomes more hardened.

That condition is called constipation, and it leads to piles (basir). When one decides to defecate after all the ‘yanga’ and the stool is already hard enough and would not flow out with ease, unless some forceful straining was done. Imagine forcing a stone out of a plastic bottle, it might pass but with difficulty and bruises right? Same with the anus, the hardened stool would pass but with injuries to the anal linings and engorgement of the surrounding veins which causes the pain, bleeding, and, in severe cases, prolapse.

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The injuries might remain there for weeks —or forever if the negligence is habitual. There would be concurrent pain with each episode of defecation or long periods of sitting. In cases of prolapse, the engorged veins might dangle out like a mini-tail, that’s what we refer to as ‘Basir-mai-tsiro’ in the Hausa dialect.

How to Prevent Piles Formation?

It might surprise you to hear that you could simply prevent yourself from developing piles (basir) by adopting some lifestyle modifications. You no longer have to make herbal concoctions in the name of pile treatment if you follow the following guidelines:

1. Take Enough Water and Other Liquids

As an adult, you are required to take about 1.5 to 3 liters of water daily which amounts to 3 to 6 sachets of 50cl table water. This could be more depending on the temperature, body size, and living conditions. More water is required during the day and less in the night. When there is enough water in circulation, the body needs not to absorb more from the stool and leaves it consistent, hence easy flow.

2. Eat Foods Rich in Dietary Fiber

Dietary fiber is the indigestible part of food that passes through the gut unabsorbed. They form the bulk of the stool and retain water, hence make it flow with ease. Vegetables, fruits, biscuit, whole-wheat bread, whole-grain gruel (traditional Hausa Kunu) are all examples of high-fiber foods.

3. Answer The Call of Nature as Soon as Possible

Whenever you feel the urge to defecate, find a suitable place, and do it as soon as you could. Do not withhold it till the urge is gone, else it will result in further hardening of the matter; constipation.

4. Do Not Strain

Straining is the act of expelling stool forcefully (sometimes with audible groaning) out of the body. When the stool is hard, you don’t need to force it out, you should leave it. Then get enough fluids and fiber and return to the business when it calls again.

By following the above guidelines, a ‘Basir-free’ life can be achieved. In cases where one already is suffering, he should contact his doctor, and then take the above steps to prevent further occurrence.

Answer the call, stay healthy!

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