Inside This Article
- 1 6 Common Sleeping Disorders
- 2 Symptoms Of Sleep Disorders
- 3 How Do You Treat Sleeping Disorders
Have you ever experienced a situation where you feel your sleeping pattern is not how it should be and all sorts of thoughts begin to run through your mind? What you may not know is you may be experiencing one of the most common sleeping disorders.
Sleeping disorders adversely affect human health in various ways. The most common reoccurring sleeping disorders include insomnia, sleep apnea, narcolepsy, non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder, parasomnias, and restless leg syndrome.
6 Common Sleeping Disorders
Insomnia is a persistent difficulty with sleep initiation, duration, and quality.
This may be caused by a lot of factors which include the ingestion of alcohol, nicotine, and other drugs, physical pain, hyperarousal, behavioral, and mental health disorders. You can read more on the symptoms of insomnia.
Most people would not be able to sleep at night for a day or two, maybe because of previous siesta or heartbreak, and begin to claim that they have insomnia this is not true. Insomnia symptoms could run for more than a week and last up to a month or two with the individual having the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep.
2. Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a condition marked by abnormal breathing during sleep. It is characterized by the inability to breathe properly.
The likely cause of sleep apnea is the anatomical characteristics of the person (size of the neck, jaw tongue, and other issues that affect airflow.) Other causes include the use of sedatives, obesity, nasal congestion, and family history.
Narcolepsy is the sudden feeling of extreme tiredness and falling asleep without warning in the daytime. This disorder causes sleep paralysis.
4. Non-24-hours Wake-Sleep Disorder
It is the inability to maintain a regular sleep-wake pattern. Most people’s innate clock is slightly longer than 24 hours. This clock known as circadian rhythm determines sleep timing, appetite, and energy levels. It is controlled by a master clock in the brain called the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). SCN triggers sleep onset by releasing the sleep hormone known as melatonin.
Once this innate clock is not in sync with the body. It leads to the inability of sleeping at the right time. Individuals with the disorder find it hard to keep work, school, or social commitments. They may develop depression and this in a long run has adverse health consequences.
Parasomnias is a class of sleep disorder that causes abnormal movement and behavior during sleep e.g. sleepwalking, sleep talking, groaning, bedwetting, and tooth grinding.
Many of us have had experiences of other people talking, grinding our teeth, or bedwetting. It is caused by chronic pain, stress from play or work, fatigue, the use of sedatives and alcohol.
6. Restless Leg Syndrome
It is the overwhelming need to move the legs during sleep. It is associated with health conditions such as attention hyperactive disorder and Parkinson’s disease.
Symptoms Of Sleep Disorders
The general common symptoms of sleep disorders include;
1. Lack of concentration
An individual develops absent mindedness and looses focus on important things at home, work or social activities.
This is when the individual gets easily annoyed at things that used to be normal to and even little things.
lack of sleep or disrruption of a normal sleeping pattern can resulyt to freequent feeling of anxiety. like sweating, cold palms, and racing heartybeat.
4. Difficulty Falling Or Staying Asleep
This usually occurs when a sound you can barely take note of on a normal day suddenly begins to affect your sleep or cause you difficulty in sleeping.
An individual can suffer from depression as a result of a sleeping disorder.
6. Daytime fatigue
This is when an individual has accumulated stress for the day, it sometimes result in difficulty in sleeping at night.
How Do You Treat Sleeping Disorders
1. Lifestyle Changes
This is one of the first things you need to do to get better sleep. You have to develop a healthy lifestyle. Avoiding the use of stimulants such as caffeine and nicotine also helps. Regulating the use of your phone at night will also be helpful.
2. The Use Of Equipment And Surgery
Sleep apnea can be treated with a CPAP, a continuous positive air pressure machine. Furthermore, surgery can be done to reduce the number of tissues that block the airway.
3. Use Of Medication
Sleeping pills are commonly used to help people with sleep disorders. Others that can be used include melatonin supplements. Contact an expert before taking any sleeping pill.
4. Cognitive Behavioral Theory
CBT is one of the most effective sleep disorder treatments. You get to describe your disorder to a therapist and get a solution for them. Practical techniques include altering the light level in the morning and Evening to help reset your sleep cycle.
Sleeping is vital for the body for proper functioning. Do not ignore if you feel you have any of these disorders; Share with friends to let them know about this. For tips on how to sleep better, you can check these13 proven tips on how to sleep better.