Nut butter is a paste that is made from grinding roasted nuts. Like nut milk, they’re plant-based and dairy-free, accepted into the vegan, vegetarian diets. The influx of people into vegan and vegetarian diets have also increased the consumption of these nut butter. This article will teach you how to make nut butter in Nigeria. You can also check how to make nut milk for lactose intolerant patients here

Most people not only vegans prefer plant-based nuts. A large number of people also consume nut butter because of their nutrients and oils. There are different kinds of nuts that can be used to make nut butter e.g. Peanut, Cashew, Pistachio, Almond, Coconut, hazelnut, etc.

Nut butter can be made plain or with other ingredients. The recipe can include sugar, honey, chocolate, or other nuts. Nut butter is usually but not always made with salt and sugar. They also come as creamy or crunchy.

Peanut/Groundnut Butter Paste

Peanut butter or groundnut paste is the most common in Nigeria and has been around for a long while. Its uses vary across countries and regions. In the United States, it is used for sandwiches, as dips, for treats (peanut butter cup), etc. It is also a major component in bodybuilding meal plans, as in energy bomb bites and smoothies. In Nigeria, it is used in making soups, candies and eaten with garden eggs.

Not only are the uses extensive, the nutrients and benefits are also enormous. Peanut butter is made from peanut or groundnut, a leguminous plant rich in protein and healthy unsaturated oil. Groundnut is a short-term plant that grows easily in most climate and even in not well to do soil types.

Cashew butter is also a nut butter that is presently gaining popularity. Cashew butter is made from roasted cashew nuts. Even though planting methods of peanuts and cashew differ largely, the process of making them into butter is very similar.

Aflatoxins in Groundnut

If you’re planning to work with groundnuts, you need to be conversant with aflatoxins. Aflatoxins are toxins produced by fungi that grow on some food grains, which groundnuts are a part of. Aflatoxins contamination can happen at any stage of groundnut production. This toxin can cause liver cancer and hepatitis.

Since heating does not necessarily denature the toxins, I recommend sourcing peanut that is aflatoxin free. When sorting, remove spoilt, decayed, and shriveled nuts. Store peanut on high platforms away from the walls to avoid the buildup of moisture. Occasionally sample stored nut bags to remove rotting nuts before the batch is completely infested.

Although there are many different types of nut butter, the rudimentary steps to making them are the same. With these steps, you can learn how to make your own nut butter at home or start a small nut butter business. However, I firmly recommend getting certification from agencies that accredit food processors if you want to start a food business.

Note: When making nut butter commercially, it is very important to add the list of nuts that are used in the production. Including nuts that might have been produced using the same equipment. List these nuts boldly under allergens.

Steps for Making Nut Butter

1. Shelling

Most nuts come in encasings; this is because these nuts while still fresh last longer while in their encasings than been shelled. If you buying fresh and unshelled nuts, then you’ll have to invest in a sheller.

2. Sorting

It is important to do a presorting after shelling processing. If you’re buying already shelled nuts, as this step may not be necessary. This depends on the grade of nuts you’re using. Sorting nuts allows the removal of bad nuts, debris, or stones. These items can alter greatly the taste and quality of your end product.

3. Roasting

The next step after sorting is roasting. This could be your first step if you’re buying already shelled and sorted nuts. Roasting can be done manually, using coal or firewood and it can also be done using electric or gas-powered ovens or roasters. Attention should be made during roasting to enable uniform roasting of nuts and to avoid charring or under-roasted nuts.

4. Grinding

This is the “becoming” stage for the nut butter. At this stage, the nuts recipe of the butter is put together and they’re grounded into a paste. The choice of grinder can vary depending on the number of nuts to be ground. For household consumption, a food processor can be enough but a bigger and stronger grinder will be necessary for a small business.

It is advisable to grind the nuts when they’re still warm to touch. This way, the oils in the nuts are easily expelled to facilitate the blending, or else, you’d have to add some oil to get the process going.

Creamy nut butter has all the nuts grounded while crunchy nut butter has 70% of the nuts grounded completely and 30% coarsely chopped. Mix these two together.

Packaging Nut Butters

After grinding, the nut butter should be packaged immediately. This is because the nut butter will still be running and easy to work with before it thickens. It is also important to reconstitute them without exposing them to contaminants. For commercial production of nut butter, label the jars with the date of production, best before date, batch number. Also list of nuts used and a possible trace of other nuts for possible allergen information.

Storing Nut Butters

Nut butter can have a shelf life of 3 months (when made without preservatives) or longer when refrigerated. When made with other ingredients, the shelf life might be lowered but nut butter made with preservative has a longer shelf life regardless.

When a jar of nut butter sits for the while, it might fractionate. This is when the oil moves up and the denser parts settle down. This is totally fine, gently stirring the jar brings it back to its normal state.

Spoilage of Nut Butter

Nut butter spoils when the oil goes rancid or it grows a layer of fungi. At this point, I recommend throwing them out.

How to Make Nut Butter in Nigeria

Equipment

The equipment you need include;

1. An oven for roasting

2. A grinder or blender

3. Nut butter jars

1. Creamy Peanut Butter

Ingredients

1. 3 cups roasted peanuts/groundnuts

2. Two tbsp Oil (optional)

Direction

1. Blend warm roasted groundnuts until creamy. Add the oil if the groundnuts are not warm or if your blender cannot blend without a little moisture.

2. Pour the paste in jars immediately, label, and use as desired.

2. Crunchy Peanut Butter

Ingredients

1. 3 cups roasted peanuts/groundnuts

2. Two tbsp oil (optional)

Direction

  1. Blend 1 cup of warm roasted groundnut until coarsely chopped and set aside.

2. Blend the rest of the groundnuts until creamy and runny.

3. Mix both nuts together and combine them

4. Pour in jars and label

3. How to Make Cashew Butter in Nigeria

Ingredients

1. Two cups of roasted cashew nuts

2. Two tbsp oil (optional)

Direction

1. Blend warm roasted cashew nut until creamy. Add the oil if the groundnuts are not warm or if your blender cannot blend without a little moisture.

2. Pour the paste in jars immediately, label, and use as desired.

4. How To Make Coconut Butter in Nigeria

Ingredients

1. 500g dried desiccated coconut

Direction

1. Blend desiccated coconut until creamy.

2. Pour and store in jars

5. Chocolate Coconut Butter

Ingredients

1. 500g dried desiccated coconut

2. ¼ unsweetened cocoa powder

Direction

1. Blend desiccated coconut until creamy.

2. Pour in the cocoa powder and blend until well combined.

3. Pour in jars and labels.

This is all you need to know about how to make nut butter in Nigeria. Leave a comment below if the article helped.

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