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Green Peas, Pisum sativum L., is another member of the leguminous family. These plants fix their own nitrogen in the soil, like groundnuts. The green seeds are eaten fresh across the globe and the foliage is eaten in some Asian cuisine.
Nutritional Value of Green Peas
Green peas like other legumes are an excellent source of protein. Although are low in carbohydrates, they are an excellent source of fiber and vitamin A, C and K. They also contain manganese, iron, and folate.
Uses of Green Peas
Green peas are one of the important plants in the vegetable processing industry. The peas can be canned, frozen, dehydrated, or consumed fresh from the pods. Because of their protein content, they are a good balance to a carbohydrate-heavy diet. They are majorly used in Nigeria as ingredients for dishes. Furthermore, their starch is also extracted for industrial use.
Growing Green Peas in Northern Nigeria
Green peas are grown preferably after the end of rainy season.
Green peas grow best in soft, loose and well-drained soil.
Sow 2-3 seeds 3 or 4cm deep with a spacing of 50cm/10cm.
Weed the plants and water moderately. Endeavor to stake plants when they are about 15cm in height.
Pests and diseases of green peas include weevils, thrips, aphids, downy mildew, marsh spot, etc. These can be combated with organic or inorganic pesticides and fungicides.
Fresh peas can be harvest between 2-3 months after sowing depending on variety. Dried peas can be harvested 3-4 months after sowing.
States Green Peas are Predominantly Found in Northern Nigeria
Green peas in Northern Nigeria are grown in Plateau, Kaduna, Jigawa, and Kano states.
Major Markets of Green Peas in Northern Nigeria
|KADUNA||Kasuwan Dan Magaji, Kasuwan Sabon Gari, Kasuwan Samaru, Kasuwan Giwa.|
|KANO||kasuwan Wanbai, Kasuwan Wudil, Kasuwan Danbatta, Kasuwan Yan kaba, Kasuwan Sabon gari.|
|PLATEAU||Kasuwan Building Material, Kasuwan Farin Gada|
|JIGAWA||Kasuwan Mai gatari, Kasuwan Gujungu, Kasuwan Sara, kasuwan Hadejia, Kasuwan Kafin hausa, Kasuwan Shuwarin.|